APCS OF SIEMENS, ACS development, Electrical supply development, APCS OF Siemens, partner of Siemens, APCS OF forging plant with thrust, APCS OF CIRCULAR FURNACE, APCS OF SECTION-TYPE FURNACES, APCS OF OXYGEN UNIT, APCS forging press
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+38(056) 370-39-62



APCS OF SIEMENS, ACS development, Electrical supply development, APCS OF Siemens, partner of Siemens, APCS OF forging plant with thrust, APCS OF CIRCULAR FURNACE, APCS OF SECTION-TYPE FURNACES, APCS OF OXYGEN UNIT, APCS forging press Ðóññêèé   English   Portugues   

Industry Automation and electric drive



1. Description of controllable object

Air separation plant ÀÊ-6-2 is intended for production of gaseous and liquid oxygen and nitrogen.

ÀÊ-6 plant is represented by cryogenic system, which works on the principle of gradual air-cooling to the temperature of its liquefaction with subsequent liquid air disaggregation by rectification method.

Cold required for air liquefaction and refrigeration loss coverage is achieved due to expansion of compressed air in turbine expansion engines.

Plant operation is arranged by low-pressure circuit. Air in volume flow rate 32000 m3/hour, compressed in turbine compressor to pressure 5.2 kgf/cm2, enters air-cooling unit, where it is cooled down to temperature about 20°Ñ with water. Then the air enters regeneration group, consisting of two pairs of regenerators 1-4th with built-in coils for withdrawal of dry products. Passing through regenerators, air is cooled down to saturation temperature. At the same time in certain zones throughout the height of regenerators, moisture freezing-out takes place, carbon dioxide, hydrocarbons on regenerator packing. When air passes through one regenerator of pair, back stream passes through the second one, which removes impurities from packing, deposited during direct air blasting.

In the equipment of unit (rectification towers, condensers, heat-exchange units) air separation into straight products: oxygen, nitrogen is performed.

Equipment located outside the air separation unit is intended for air precooling, unit heatup, absorbers regeneration, liquid evaporation, drained from separation unit equipment.

2. Functions performed by system

APCS performs the following function package

- automatic control of oxygen unit operation with observance of predetermined process modes, with maintenance of preset process parameters;
- automatic adjustment in case of deviation from preset parameter values;
- process and equipment parameters visualization in digital and graphical form;
- reporting of current information and archival data of equipment condition and production process parameters, printing of reports and diagrams;
- unauthorized access protection and access levels differentiation for operating personnel;
- interaction with operator;
- keeping of parameters and events history;
- support of communication protocols with upper level networks (company ACS level);
- automatic process control in accordance with preset process modes;
- signals receipt from alarm and warning circuits and display of this information on workstation screens;
- system technical facilities diagnostics;
- data communication with second level.

In the second (upper) level system fulfills production process display functions, interaction with operator, data collection and storage, data communication with lower level.

In addition control of unit heating conditions exists by signals from regenerator centre (only for ÀÊ-6 unit) and regenerators switching in modes: “Manual”, “Remote shift”, which were not provided by standard system.

APCS structural diagram of oxygen unit is given in Figure 1

3. System structure and operation.

The system has a hierarchical two-level control structure:

1) lower (first) level - instrumentation and control equipment and SIEMENS programmable redundant controller series SIMATICS7-400H. Work with input/output signals is executed using redundant assemblies of remote periphery series ET 200M-IM153-2HF and l/O-modules of the same series recommended by SIEMENS guide book (No.6ES7988-8HA10-8BA0);

2) upper (second) level – three operator stations identical in functionality, PC-based with TFT displays 24" with display system designed in SKADA WINCC 7.0, connected via PROFINET with lower level programmable controllers. Also in the second level engineering station with factory-set engineering software packages STEP-7 and WINCC 7.0 is provided for automation and display software development, and existing software maintenance, and events server, IBM server PC-based and CAS-pack (historical data storage of facility operation). The server has a capability of operator stations connection (in perspective) from ÀÊàð-6 oxygen unit.

For supervision of IT personnel actions in control logic and display layout WINCC/AUDIT RT V7.0 software package is provided, EXECUTION OF CHANGES REGISTRATION LOG, For supervision of operating personnel actions Simatic LOGON software package is provided.

1. Purpose.

This system is intended for ÀOU operation parameters tracking, their archivation and recording, and changeover valves operation control.

2. Description of general operating principles of the system.

Display system is represented by windows pack, by means of which operator can monitor sliding shutters of the unit, control analog data, observe them in the form of diagrams, and operate switching modes of the first and second pair of units.

Display is split into 3 main parts – top menu (always visible), bottom part– bottom menu (always visible), by means of which forms switching is performed, central part – various forms are displayed in it.

1) Top menu

RESET – toggle-switch position “EMERGENCY RELEASE” on control panel. Green – released, red – pressed.
Message box – 2 last alarm (red) or warning (yellow) system messages are displayed in it.
Push-button near message box – clearing of this window.
Alarm reset– sound alarm reset.
Acknowledgement – reset of all alarm messages.
Calculator – running of a Calculator.
Printer button– screen dump (only control instrumentation or ACS personnel).
EN – keyboard layout (EN/RU – English/Russian).
Caps – keyboard case (CapsLock).
Developer logotype.
Date and time.

2) Bottom menu

Switch to the section or window is performed by means of mouse pointer approach to the button and left mouse button click or pressing a relevant function button.

General principle of analog data display:

- signal name, its current value and units of measurement are displayed;
- at mouse pointer approach to the displayed value description of this signal appears;
- at left mouse button click on this value, diagram of this parameter variations for the last hour appears (display of several diagrams at the same time is impossible, for this purpose Diagrams window is intended, where any combinations of system analog signals are configured, observed and analyzed);
- if for this signal warning or alarm signal is provided, the field under signal value will become yellow or red, respectively, also in the upper window the message will appear and log record will be performed.

General principle of sliding shutters display – name of sliding shutters, position of which is analyzed, is indicated with large bold letters and in case of status change (closed/open) the colour of sliding shutter changes and this status is entered in log register. Sliding shutters, not included in the system, are headed with smaller letters and their colour is unchanged – white.

In case of some process interlock response, in the upper window the appropriate message will appear (with concurrent record in log register), and on logically associated screen red lamp and a text box will flash. (For example, “No air through electric heater” – a message will appear above, while the lamp and text box will be shown in the Absorbers window).

F1 – open this document.
F2 – air-cooling unit window see Fig. 1 Appendix 1 (option to assign the task for regulator for level control in air and nitrogen scrubbers, parameters Ð46 and Ð48, green entry field)
F3 - Regenerators window see Fig. 2 Appendix 1 (monitoring of changeover valves)
F4 - Absorbers window see Fig. 3 Appendix 1
F5 - Turbine expansion engines window see Fig. 4 Appendix 1 (here status of circuit breakers of electronics is displayed)
F6 - Lower tower window see Fig. 5 Appendix 1 (level regulator in Lower tower – Ð1)
F7 - Upper tower window see Fig. 6 Appendix 1
F8 - Oxygen evaporator window see Fig. 7 Appendix 1(level regulator in liquid oxygen evaporator – Ð31)
F9 - Table window see Fig.8 Appendix 1 (system analogs summary table)
F10 - Regenerator valves window see Fig. 9 Appendix 1 (monitoring of changeover valves)
F11 - Message window see p.3 Fig. 3
F12 - Diagrams window see p.4 Fig. 4
Mode – Mode window see Fig. 10 Appendix 1 (first and second pair switching mode control)
Field (white), where current user name is displayed.
Operator button– operator automatically becomes a system user.
Diagnostics – controller l/O-modules and their status are schematically shown.
Settings – setting-up of valves and regulators operation (access only for control instrumentation or ACS specialists).
Report – unit operation report for the selected time period.
Log – hourly record of parameter values for the selected time period.

3. Message log.

Message box enables to read messages:

- Alarms (red),
- Warnings (yellow),
- Commands (blue),
- Status (green).

which happened not earlier than 60 days ago.

In “Date” column date of message is specified, in “Time” column – the time of day, in “Source” column – group name, in “Commentary” column – message text.

- solid colour – message received;
- transparent colour – message sent;

Switches located on the right of message box, are displayed in message box:

- Switch “Current messages” – only active (not acknowledged and not sent) statuses.
- Switch “All messages” – received and sent statuses for the current day or after computer startup.

Group “Message type”:

- Switch “All messages” – enables to read alarm messages and commands.
- Switch “Alarms” – enables to read only alarm messages.
- Switch “Warnings” – enables to read only warnings.
- Switch “Commands” – enables to read only commands.
- Switch “Statuses” – enables to read only statuses.

If we enter the item number (or symbols, encountered in title) in “Source” window, SQL data-base query will be executed and message reading is carried out only for that mechanism or item, in which title entered symbols are encountered.

Click on the date will open a calendar for selection of start and end dates of reading. After selection of the desired time limits press the button “Update”. These options are available only if you select “All messages”.

4. Diagrams.

This form is intended for review of measured values diagram in any combinations. Owing to using of current version of SCADA WinCC system, user can configure each diagram for review of the required values and this information will be stored in project, therefore, at window reopening (even after computer rebooting), all configured diagram variables will be restored.

5. Application. ACU

Air-Cooling Unit
Turbine expansion engines
Lower tower
Upper tower
Oxygen evaporator
Regenerator valves

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